美利坚联邦合众国对600亿美元中中原人民共和国出口产品加征关税

美利坚联邦合众国对600亿美金中中原人民共和国出口产品加征关税!

The Trump administration plans to impose 25 per cent tariffs on up to
$60bn in annual imports from China, targeting products such as robots
and high-speed trains, as the US also ramps up efforts to block Chinese
investment in strategic sectors.

特朗普政坛安插对历年高达600亿比索的中原输美产品征收贰伍%关税,越发瞄准机器人和高效列车等出品。与此同时美利坚联邦合众国还加大力度阻挠中资进入美利坚合众国的韬略行业。

In what the White House on Thursday billed as a historic move against
“economic aggression”, President Donald Trump unveiled the plans after
his government concluded that Beijing had for decades pursued a strategy
of unfairly acquiring US intellectual property.

星期肆发布的安顿被克Rim林宫称为抗击“经济入侵”的历史性行动。在唐Nader•川普(唐Nader特朗普)总统发布这几个安顿从前,他的当局得出结论认为,新加坡地点几10年来直接在进行有失公允获得United States知识产权的战略。

Mr Trump said he was taking the action to address the US’s $375bn trade
deficit with China, adding: “It is the largest deficit of any country in
the history of our world. It is out of control.”

川普代表,他正在采用行动化解3750亿比索的United States对华贸赤,并补充说:“那是社会风气历史上另海外家的最大窟窿。它失控了。”

The tariffs, Mr Trump said, would “make us a much stronger, richer
nation”.

川普说,那一个关税将“使我们改为三个越来越强劲更方便的国家”。

US officials said they would release a detailed list within 15 days but
planned to target 10 strategic sectors identified by Beijing as part of
a “Made in China 2025” plan pushed by President Xi Jinping. Those
sectors included robotics, aerospace, maritime and modern rail
equipment, as well as electric vehicles and Biopharma products.

美国公司主们表示,他们将在一十五日内发表详细清单,安插对准中中原人民共和国江山主席习近平(Xi Jinping)带动的“中中原人民共和国成立202五”布置所显著的拾贰个战略行业。那么些行业包罗机器人、航空航天、海洋工程和轨道交通装备,以及电动小车和生物制药产品。

The latest punitive measures amount to a marked escalation in US efforts
to curb what it sees as unfair Chinese trade practices, coming soon
after tariffs on imports of steel, alumininum and solar cells.
Congressional Republicans, US business leaders and American allies have
all expressed fears the moves could unleash a global trade war.

流行的惩处措施意味着美方的极力分明升高,指标是遏制其所认为的神州有失偏颇贸易实践,就在近期,米利坚揭橥对进口钢铁、铝和太阳电池板征收关税。国会共和党人、United States商产业界总领以及米国的车笠之盟都代表了顾虑,认为那几个行动可能引发一场环球贸易战。

“Hitting billions in goods with tariffs runs the risk of putting a
bigger dent in the pocketbooks of American families across the country,”
said Orrin Hatch, the Republican chairman of the Senate finance
committee, while commending the president for taking action against
Beijing.

“用关税来打击数百亿英镑的商品,有希望影响美利坚协作国所在家家户户的购买力,”参院财政委员会(Senate
Finance Committee)主席、共和上党参议员奥林•哈奇(Orrin
Hatch)表示。与此同时,他陈赞总统对首都上边接纳行动。

The Trump administration offered a concession to its crtics on Thursday,
when it agreed to exempt the EU and other allies from the steel and
aluminiun tariffs pending negotiations on a permanent carve-out.

川普政坛周4向批评者建议一项迁就,同意在就永远解除实行谈判期间,豁免欧洲结盟和此外盟军的钢铝关税。

In addition to new tariffs on Chinese technology and precision
engineering imports, Mr Trump was also set to order the US Treasury to
come up with a plan to impose new restrictions on Chinese investment in
similar sectors within 60 days, officials said.

管理者们代表,除了对中夏族民共和国输美高科学技术和精密工程产品征收新的关税之外,川普还预备命令美利坚合众国财政部(US
Treasury)制定一项安插,在60天内对那类行业的中华投资出台新的限定。

Such a regime would run in parallel with the work of the Committee on
Foreign Investment, which examines foreign investments for potential
threats to US national security. The committee has been taking an
increasingly dim view of Chinese acquisitions in recent years.

这项制度将与美国外国际信托投资集团资委员会(CFIUS)同步展开工作,后者负责查处外来投资会不会对花旗国国度安全整合潜在威吓。该委员会眼下对中资在美收购越来越看不顺眼。

Robert Lighthizer, the US trade representative, said the targeted
Chinese products would not include many consumer items and had been
chosen via an “algorithm” to minimise harm to US consumers while
maximising the impact on China.

美利坚同同盟者交易代表罗Bert•赖特希泽(RobertLighthizer)表示,关税清单上的中原产品不包罗广大消费品,那份清单是信赖贰个“算法”拟定的,以尽量减弱对U.S.消费者的迫害,同时最大化对华夏的撞击。

“We can’t be in a position where China can go out and buy US technology
in a variety of ways that are troubling to us,” Mr Lighthizer told a
congressional hearing on Thursday. “These are things that if China
dominates, it’s bad for the world.”

“大家不可能处于那样二个地方,即中华夏族民共和国能够以各类令作者方不安的主意购置美利坚同盟军的技巧,”赖特希泽周四在国会听证会上意味着。“即便华夏在这一个领域占主导地位,这对世界而言是一件坏事。”

In a nod to allies, which want the US to work within the global trading
system, Mr Trump is also ordering his officials to launch a case at the
World Trade Organization against what Washington claims are China’s
biased technology licensing rules. The Trump administration argues that
such rules in effect block many US firms from competing in the Chinese
market.

对此期望U.S.A.在全世贸连串内化解纠纷的结盟,特朗普也摆出合营态势,下令他的长官们在世贸协会(WTO)发起3个案件,针对华盛顿所称的中中原人民共和国有偏见的技艺许可规则。川普政坛主张,那几个规则实际上阻止了好多U.S.A.公司在华夏市面上竞争。

Mr Trump has often criticised the WTO but the US has been seeking
backing from the EU and Japan since last year for its actions against
China’s intellectual property practices. Those allies have insisted that
any moves should include actions at the WTO.

川普日常批评世贸协会,但自2018年以来,花旗国在反对中夏族民共和国知识产权实践的题材上一向寻求欧洲联盟和东瀛的帮忙。那几个同盟者持之以恒认为,任何举措都应有包含在WTO选择行动。

“This is a historic event. President Trump should be applauded for his
courage and vision on this,” said Peter Navarro, the former academic who
runs the White House office of trade and manufacturing policy.

“那是一个历史性事件。特朗普总统的胆气和远见卓识值得击掌,”执掌白金汉宫贸易和创造业政策办公室的前大家Peter•Navarro(彼得Navarro)称。

Mr Navarro said the move was part of a new National Security Strategy
that the Trump administration presented in December, which labelled
China a strategic competitor and cited its “economic aggression” against
the US.

Navarro代表,此举是特朗普政党2018年10月提议的新版国家安全战略的一有个别,该战略将中华夏族民共和国名列战略竞争对手,并称其对美利坚联邦合众国“经济凌犯”。

The strategy represented a shift from the previous approach of treating
China as an economic partner, which dated back to the Nixon
administration.

这世界第一回大战略标志着告别历届行政当局将中华实属经济伙伴的姿态,后者可一贯追溯至Nixon政党。

The US wants China to change its behaviour while also protecting
important US industries, Mr Lighthizer told a Senate hearing on
Thursday.

赖特希泽周四在参院听证会上意味着,美利坚联邦合众国希望中华人民共和国改变其行事,同时保证重点的U.S.A.家底。

Many business groups are wary of the new tariffs, while some Republicans
in Congress view them as unnecessary and ill-conceived. They fear it is
likely to undo many of the benefits of tax cuts they fought hard to pass
in December.

重重商产业界社团对新关税抱有警惕心,而国会1些共和党人认为这一个关税是不须求且考虑不周的。他们担心,那可能会抵消他们在上年10月努力拉动通过的减税措施的大队人马利益。

The administration appeared to take a more deliberate approach in
rolling out the new tariffs on China than it did with steel and
aluminium tariffs earlier this month, which were roundly criticised by
US business groups and Republicans in Congress, partly for the chaotic
way in which they were unveiled.

在盛名针对中华夏族民共和国的关税那件事上,Trump政党就如比本月早些时候公布钢铝关税采用了更进一步慎重的态度。钢铝关税受到United States商产业界组织和国会共和党人的常见批评,部分缘故正是其混乱的出国务院台湾事务办公室法。

White House officials stressed to reporters that the China move had been
the result of strenuous inter-agency deliberations.

白金汉宫官员向记者们强调,对华夏行使的一颦一笑是跨机构认真钻探的结果。

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