高中希腊语必修2Unit3剖析

使教育进度成为一种办法的事业

教学背景

本单元话题——计算机(computer)俗称电脑,是20世纪伊始进的科技发明之一,对人类的生育活动和社会活动暴发了极其首要的震慑,并以强大的生命力火速发展。它的应用领域从初期的武装力量科研使用增添到社会的各类领域,已形成了规模宏大的微机产业,推动了中外范围的技艺提升,因而掀起了深厚的社会变革,计算机已遍及一般校园、企事业单位,进入平常百姓家,成为音讯社会中不可或缺的工具。

辣手追踪

1.In pairs discuss what they have in common.(P17)

难句解读

三个人一组,琢磨它们有哪些共同之处。

have sth. in common (with sb. or sth.)

意为“与……有(想法、兴趣、特征等)相同之处”(=to have the same interests,
attitudes etc as sb. else ; to share the same features, characteristics
etc as sth. else)。相关词组有:have nothing in common无共同之处;have
little in common大致无共同之处;have something in
common有部分共同之处;have a lot in common有过多共同之处。

例如:

Hip-hop and raphave much in common withblues and rock, but they also
have their own characteristics.

嘻哈乐和灵魂乐乐与Bruce和舞曲有许多共同之处,不过它们也都有个其余表征。

I found Ihad a lot in common withthese people.

自己发觉自家跟那一个人有无数相同之处。

Jane and Ihave nothing in commonin character./Ihave nothing in common
withJane in character.

本身与简在性格上尚无丝毫共同之处。

困难深究

小心in common和in common with的用法差别:in
common意为“共同的;共有的;共用的”(=for or by all of a group)。in common
with sb./sth. 意为“与……相同;像……一样”(= (formal) in the same way as
sb. or sth.),用于规范场所,口语中可用like替换。

例如:

The swimming pool is usedin commonby all the children in the
neighborhood.

以此游泳池是社区孩子共用的。

Britain,in common with(=like) many other industrialized countries, has
experienced major changes over the last 100 years.

与广大其余工业化国家一样,U.K.在过去100年里经历了严重性变更。

In common with(=Like) my teammates, I enjoy staying home reading novels
when I am on holiday.

和自家的小伙伴们同样,放假时,我欢娱呆在家里看小说。

2.Do you know in what ways computers are used today? Work out a list and
compare it with your partner.(P17)

难句解读

你领悟如今电脑使用在哪些方面吗?拟定一个(电脑使用领域的)清单,然后与搭档举行相比。

what ways

是先行词,关系词that 或in which被概括。当the way
做先行词,其后跟定语从句时,引导定语从句的关系词有三种选取:that ,in
which或并非关系代词。类似的结构有:Do you know in whose office she
works?(你精通他在何人的光景工作吧?)

work out

此处意为“详细拟定(安插、方案等);周详地想出”(=to think carefully about
how you are going to do something and plan a good way of doing it)。

例如:

UN negotiators haveworked outa set of compromise proposals.

联合国调解人士详细拟定了一套和平解决方案。

We need towork outhow we’re going to get there.

我们须要详细地考虑怎么去那儿。

I had it allworked out(=had made very careful
plans).那件事本身已经周到地布置。

难题深究

work out常用的含义还有:

①“计算;计算出”(=to do a calculation to get an answer to a mathematical
question)。例如:

We need to work out the total cost of the
project.大家要求总括出这么些工程的总造价。

②“练习身体;做运动”(=to do physical exercises to make your body fit and
strong)。

例如:

Davidworks outin the gym two or three times a week.

大卫周周全健身房练习两到两回。

3.Over time I have been changed quite a lot.(P18)

难句解读

随着年华的延期,我已被改变了累累。

have been changed

是前天已毕时的被动语态(本单元的要紧语法项目),表示一个被动动作已经形成。over
time意为“随着时光的延迟”(=as time passes)。

句中(quite) a lot用作副词,修饰谓语动词have been
changed,表示程度,意思是“很;非凡”(=very much or very often)。

例如:

Thingshave changeda lot since I was a
child.自孩提时代起,世事已经变更很多。

I play badmintonquite a lot(=very often) with David in the summer.

自己秋日常跟戴维打羽毛球。

a lot还足以用作代词,意思是“多量;许多”(=a large number or amount)。

例如:

She still hasanawfullot(=a very large amount) to learn.

她要学的事物还多着呢。

相对地,a lot of (=lots
of)则用作限定词(determiner),意为“大批量的;许多”(=a large number or
amount of),可修饰不可数名词或可数名词复数格局。

例如:

He doesa lot oftravelling in his job.

他的干活索要平日外出。

He earnslots ofmoney.

他受益不菲。

难点深究

over是介词,在本句中表示时间,意为“在……时期;在……中直接”(=during
something; while doing something)。

例如:

Can we talk about thisoverdinner?

咱俩边吃边谈好啊?

Overa period of ten years he stole a million pounds from the company.

10年岁月里,他挪用了合作社100万股本。

It’s fascinating to watch how a baby changes and developsovertime (=as
time passes).

瞅着小娃娃一每一日变化长大,真是有趣极了。

4.Although I was young I could simplify difficult sums.(P18)

难句解读

即便我年纪不大,可自己可以简化复杂的算术运算。

simplify

意为“简化;使简易”(=to make something less complicated and therefore
easier to do or
understand)。其同根词是simple(adj.简单的),simplification(n.简化),simplified(adj.简化的;简写的)。

-(i)fy是动词后缀,常加在形容词后组合动词,表示“使……(化)”的情趣,如:purify(净化),solidify(使凝结),beautify(美化,使精粹)。

sum此处作“算术题;运算”解(=a simple problem that involves calculating
numbers)。

例如:

Complaints have led to (a)simplificationof the rules.

因为人们抱怨,规则简化了。

This is asimplifiedversion of the story for young children.

那是供孩子读书的故事简写本。

I remember how much I hated doingsumswhen I was at school.

本人依稀记得念书的时候有多讨厌做算术题。

困难深究

sum常用的意思还有:

①“金额;款项”(=an amount of money)。例如:

He owes me a large sum of money.(=He owes me a large amount of money.)
他欠我一大笔钱。

②“和;总和;总数”(=the whole number or amount when two or more numbers
or amounts have been added together)。例如:

The sum of thirteen and eight is twentyone.13加8的和是21。

③“全部;一切”(=all of something)。

例如:

I’m afraid that’s the pitifulsumof my knowledge on the subject!

可能那就是自我对那门学科的凡事所知了!

④ in sum“简单的讲”(=to sum up)。

例如:

The meeting was,in sum, a disaster.

简单的讲,本次会议不佳透了。

5.I developed very slowly and it took nearly two hundred years before I
was built as an analytical machine by Charles Babbage.(P18)

难句解读

自家生长迟滞,差不离到了两百年后,查理·巴比奇才把我制成了一台分析机。 “

It’s + some time + before

从句……”是一定句型,在此句中意思是“过了多长期……才……”。

例如:

Itmay bemany years beforethe situation improves.

那种现象可能要过许多年才能改变。

困难深究

before的多样意思和句型:

before
连词,表示“在……此前”。后接从句时,在差距的语境中,有比较灵活的翻译格局,如“趁……”、“还没赶趟……就……”、“过了……才……”等。

例如:

She had leftbeforeI could say a word.

自己还没来得及开口她就走了。

Beforeshe could move, she heard a loud noise, which grew to a terrible
roar.

他还没赶趟动弹,就听见有很响的动静,接着就成了可怕的轰鸣声。

It was longbeforeI saw her again.

过了很久我才重新察看他。

在意下列句型的意思和用法:

It took/was long before…过了很久才……

It won’t take/be long before…不久就会……

It didn’t take/wasn’t long before…不久就……

It will take/be long before…要过很久才……

before long不久(单独作状语)

long before很久此前(可独自作状语,也可指点句子作状语)

It’s+时间+since/that/when/before句型用法的差异:

It’s + some time +
since从句.“自从……以来已经多长时间了”,since从句的时态必须是形似过去时。It’s

  • some time +
    that从句“……多短期了”,此为强调句型,去掉It’s和that之后,剩下部分必须是个全部的语句。It’s
  • some time +
    when从句.“……是在某个时刻”。when从句是定语从句,须求从句的时态和主句的时态对应。It’s
  • some time +
    before从句“过了多长期……才……”,before从句的时态必须是一般过去时。

例如:

It’s ten years sinceI graduated.

自打我结束学业的话,已经十年了。

It was not untilshe got home that Jennifer realized she had lost her
keys.

直至回家了,Jennifer才意识到钥匙丢了。

It was ten yearsagowhenI graduated.

自我结束学业是在十年前。

It was ten years beforeI graduated.

过了十年后,我才完成学业。

6.At that time it was considered a technological revolution and the
start of my “artificial intelligence”.(P18)

难句解读

在即时,此举被视作三遍技术上的革命,也被当做是自家(电脑)“人工智能”的初步。

technological revolution

技术革命;artificial intelligence人工智能(=an area of study concerned
with making computers copy intelligent human behavior)。technological
形容词,意为“技术上的”;technology 名词“技术”。artificial
形容词,意为“人工的;人造的;假的(=not real; made or produced to copy
sth. natural)”。

例如:

artificial flowers/artificial fertilizer/limbs/pearls

假花/人工肥/假肢/假珍珠。

困难深究

consider在本句的意思是“认为……是……;把……看作……”(=to believe sb. or sth.
to be, or think of them as),平常的选配是consider+sb./sth.+(to be)+n. or
adj.或consider+sb./sth.+(as)+n.。

consider另一个常用含义是“仔细考虑;细想”(=to think about something
carefully, especially before making a choice or
decision),作此义解时后可接名词、代词、动名词或从句作宾语。

例如:

He is currentlyconsidered(to be/as) the best British athlete.

目前,人们以为她是英帝国最好的健儿。

It isconsidered(to be) bad manners in some cultures to speak with your
mouth full of food.

在某些文化中,口含食品讲话被视为没有礼貌。

Have youconsideredwhat you’ll do if you don’t get the job?

如若得到那份工作,你考虑过将做些什么?

We’reconsideringselling the house.

大家在考虑卖掉那栋房子。

“把……看作……;认为……是……”的表明格局:

consider…as…=think of…as…=look
on…as…=regard…as…=treat…as…=have…as…=count…as…=view…as…=take…as…

“考虑”的表明格局:

consider sth.=take sth. into consideration=take sth. into account=take
account of sth.

“考虑到……”句型表明法:

① Considering(考虑到)+名词/that-从句+……,+主句;

② Allowing for(考虑到)+名词……,+主句;

③ Given(考虑到)+名词/that-从句+……,+主句;

④ Seeing that-从句(考虑到/由于)+……,+主句。

例如:

Consideringhe’s only just started, he knows quite a lot about it.

考虑到他只是刚刚开端,他对此的问询已经重重了。

It will take about an hour to get there,allowing fortraffic delays.

设想到交通阻塞,到那里大概要求一钟头。

7.In 1936 my real father, Alan Turing, wrote a book about how I could be
made to work as a “universal machine” to solve any difficult
mathematical problem.(P18)

难句解读

在1936年,我实在的生父,Alan·图灵写了一本书,讲述了什么样能使自己成为一台“通用机械”来化解任何数学难点。

be made to do…

是make sb do…的懊丧结构,使用中要留意不要掉了to。

例如:

The prisonersare made todig holes and fill them in again.

那个囚犯被迫挖坑然后再用土回填。

work as=act as=serve as 充当;担任

例如:

Sheworks asa consultant for a design company.

他在一家设计集团担任咨询顾问。

solve 解决;解答(= to find an answer to a
problem)。solve的名词方式是solution,意思是“解决方法”(=a way of
solving a problem or dealing with a difficult
situation),使用时后边接介词to。

例如:

Just calm down — shouting won’tsolveanything!

冷静下来啦,大喊大叫是船到江心补漏迟的。

There’s no easysolutionto this problem.

那道题不简单解答。

难题深究

universal意思是“普遍的;通用的;宇宙的”(=existing everywhere or
involving everyone)。

例如:

Such problems are auniversalfeature of old age.

那类难点是老年人的毛病。

The new reforms have not met withuniversalapproval within the
government.

这个改造的新行动,在当局内部并从未得到广大的认同。

settle与solve的区别:

双方都有“解决”的情致,但settle的化解对象往往是某种情势的鸿沟,solve的缓解对象则是一个急需提交答案的题材。如:settle
an issue/a quarrel/a matter, solve a problem/a puzzle等。

8.From then on, I grew rapidly both in size and in brainpower.(P18)

难句解读

从那时起,我随便个头如故大脑容量都火速增进。

from…on

意为“从……时起”(=starting from the time mentioned and continuously after
that)。

例如:

Fromnowon(=From this moment and always in the future) you can work on
your own.

从现在起你可以单独工作。

She never spoke to him againfromthat dayon.

从那天起她再没和她讲话。

9.As a result I totally changed my shape.(P18)

难句解读

故此,我曾经完全改变了本人的形象。

as a result

意为“因此,所以”,表结果。as a result of意为“因为”,表原因 。

例如:

As a result, we have to water the vegetable garden.

据此我们只可以给菜地浇水。

After burners have to be used.As a resultfuel consumption is heavier.

只能动用加力焚烧室,结果燃料消耗量增添了。

As a result, costs will be reduced by as much as 90%.

就此,开支会下落多达90%。

He didn’t work hard,as a resulthe failed his exam.

她不用功,结果试验不及格。

He was lateas a resultof the snow.

出于小寒她迟到了。

Five hundred jobs were axedas a resultof government spending cuts.

由于政坛收缩经费的因由,有五百人被陡然解雇了。

难题深究

与result相关的短语还有:

get a result 达到目标;

in result因此,结果;

in the result结果,后来;

without result徒劳地,毫无结果地,无效地;with the result
that从而;因而;结果是;

result in   导致,结果为;

result from因为,源自

10.I have even been put into space rockets and sent to explore the Moon
and Mars.(P18)

难句解读

我被装进了航天火箭并被发射上天探索月球和土星。

explore

航天科工,做动词,意思是“探索;探测;探究;勘探;考察”(= to search and discover
about something;to think or talk about something in order to find out
more about it)。

例如:

I’m going toexplorethe possibility of a part  time job.

本身要追究一下业余专职的大势。

The best way toexplorethe countryside is on foot.

考察天长市最为是徒步走。

exploration n.探索;探测;探究;勘探

例句:

Livingstone was the first European to make anexplorationof the Zambezi
river.

里维Stone是率先个勘查赞比西河的北美洲人。

11.Anyhow, my goal is to provide humans with a life of high
quality.(P18)

难句解读

好歹,我的靶子就是给人类提供高质量的生活。

anyhow

作副词,意思是“无论怎么着;不管怎么着;即便如此;反正”。作此义解时,与anyway可换用。

例如:

This wasn’t my fault,anyway.

反正那不是本身的不是。

It doesn’t make any difference because we are going to be lateanyway.

那从没多大关系,反正大家要迟到了。

provide sb. with sth.=provide sth. for sb.为……提供……

例如:

We have concerns about whether the government will be able
toprovidesocial servicesforpoorer families.

=We have concerns about whether the government will be able
toprovidepoor familieswithsocial services.

我们关切的是政党是还是不是为贫困家庭提供社会救助。

goal  目的,目标;(足球等的)球门;(进球)得分

例如:

They achieved theirgoalof increasing sales by five percent.

她俩落到实处了销售额增进百分之五的对象;

Only onegoalwas scored in the entire match.全场较量只进了一个球。

Brazil won by threegoals to one.

巴西队以3∶1的比分征服。

I scored the firstgoalin the game.

自身进了竞技的首先个球。

困难深究

be+of+抽象名词”结构分析:

乌克兰语中,“of+抽象名词”结构相当于一个形容词,常用来叙述人或事物的属性、特征,在句中可看做表语、定语或宾补。用于该组织的抽象名词常常有benefit,importance,use,value,help,significance等。这么些名词前可用great,much,little,no等修饰,表示程度。

例如:

The animals are of great importance to people.=The animals are very
important to people.

那个动物对人人万分重大(of+great/much+抽象名词=very+形容词)。

You will find this book of great use in learning English.

您会发现这本书对学保加塔尔萨语很有效果(句中of great use作宾语补足语)。

“be+of+抽象名词”结构中,还足以跟size,height,age,colour,price,kind,type,shape等名词,表示主语的特征。这个名词没有相应的形容词格局,由此无法用“be+形容词”结构替换。但当“of+a/an”修饰“age(年龄)”、“size(尺寸)”、“price(价格)”时,可用(of)
the same替换。

例如:

They were of an age.(=They were of the same age.)

他俩年龄同样大。

The two goods are of a price.(=The two goods are the same price.)

那三种商品价格一样。

12.I am now truly filled with happiness that I am a devoted friend and
helper of the human race!(P18)

难句解读

近日自家一身充盈着成为人类的忠实朋友和副手的幸福感!

devoted

形容词,意为“忠实的;忠诚的;挚爱的”(=extremely loving and loyal to
sb./sth.)。

例如:

They aredevotedto their children.

她俩深爱着自己的男女。

Lucy is adevotedfan to Michael Jackson.

露茜是迈克尔·杰克逊的忠实粉丝。

困难深究

devote动词,意为“献身于……;致力于……;专心于……”(=to give all of
something, especially your time, effort or love, or yourself, to
something you believe in or to a person),常用于devote sth. to
sth./sb.结构。

例如:

He left government todevotemore timetohis family.

她辞掉官职,以便能有越多时光跟家人在协同。

She hasdevotedall her energies/lifetothe care of homeless people.

他把方方面面的活力/整个平生都从事于对无家可归人们的关怀。

13.He used to download information from the Internet and made good use
of it.(P20)

难句解读

时不时从网上下载信息并加以利用。

download

动词,意为“下载”(= to copy or move programs or information into a
computer’s memory, especially from the Internet or a larger computer)。

upload

动词,意为“上传”(=to copy or move programs or information to a larger
computer system or to the Internet)。

例如:

Danny often plays games that aredownloadedfree from the Internet.

丹妮常常玩从网上免费下载的玩耍。

make use of  利用(= to use something that is available)。

make the most of=make the best of=make good/full use of=take full
advantage of  丰硕利用;好好利用

例如:

We might as wellmake use ofthe hotel’s facilities.

俺们不妨选用酒店的设备。

Until recently, scientists were unable tomakefulluse ofantibody power.

到近年来为止,数学家们还不可能利用抗体的力量。

You shouldmake the most ofthe fine weather.你应有丰硕利用那样的好天气。

Chances are precious and should bemade the most of.

机遇宝贵,应当尽量加以利用。

难点深究

make构成的短语有:

make room for为……腾出地点;

make sense有意义;

make a difference有关系,有影响;

make a hit很成功,很受欢迎;

make ends meet使入能敷出,使收支相抵;

make up组成,编造,化妆;

be made up of由……组成;

make up for弥补;

make for向……走去,有助于……

14.For example, I have learned to signal to my teammates in computer
language to give me the ball when I am open and have a good shot for a
goal.(P23)

难句解读

譬如,当我开着的时候,我得以用电脑语言向队员表示打球传给我,那样自己得以好好射一个球。

signal

作动词,意为“发信号;示意”(=to make a sound or action in order to give
information or tell someone to do something)。

作名词,意为“信号”(=a sound or action that you make in order to give
information to someone or tell them to do something)。

例如:

Shesignaledto the cars behind that they were going the wrong way.

他表示前边的车子走错了主旋律。

Hesignaledto the waiter for the bill./He gave a signal to the waiter for
the bill.

他示意服务员结账。

困难深究

留意mark, symbol ,sign ,signal八个词的分别:

mark
强调东西的标记,一般是指用眼睛可以一向看出的,例如书上的、黑板上的;

symbol一般是指代表意义性的申明,不过实物也有可能是虚有的;

sign多指不可知的,很广阔的一句话“give me a sign”,sign 强调人为的标记 ;

signal也是空洞不可见的,多是表“信号”的意味,如danger sinal。

例如:

The spilt coffee has left amarkon the table cloth.

洒出来的咖啡在桌布上预留了印渍。

Blue is asymbolof peace.

蓝色是和平的表示。

The cross is thesymbolof Christianity .

十字架是伊斯兰教的代表。

A red light is usually asignalof danger.

红灯平日是危急信号。

David loves his car very much. He will take his car to a garage  at the
firstsignof problem.

David极度珍爱车子,车子一有点标题标征象及时就送到汽车修理厂。

15.They had developed a new type of program just before the
competition.(P23)

难句解读

他们恰在比赛前研制了一个新程序。

type

作名词时,意为“类型”;它作动词时,意为“打字”。

例如:

This is a newtypeof machine, with lots of meters on it.

那是一种时髦的机器, 下面有不少计量器。

Will you pleasetypethis letter for me?

你帮我打一下那封信好呢?

难题深究

注意type和 kind的区别:

type表示各项事物在本类中都是独立的;

kind特指在分拣中能放在一块儿的习性相同且一般的一类东西。

16.In a way, our programmer is like my coach.(P23)

难句解读

从某种程度上看,我们的程序员就如大家的陶冶。

in a/one way

意为“在某种程度上, 从某种意义上说”。

例如:

In a way, his English has improved.

从某种程度上的话,他的匈牙利(Magyarország)语有进步。

简单与之混淆的短语是:in the way  造成,阻碍

例如:

In a way, I like this new textbook very much.

从某种程度上说,我很喜爱那本新课本。

I’m afraid your bike isin the way.

或是你的单车挡着道了。

困难深究

与way 相关的短语还有:

on the/one’s way (to)   在(去……)的路上;

by the way   顺便提一下 ;

in no way  自始自终,完全地;

in this way  用这种方法。

17.Then she prepares reliable moves to use if a new situation
arises.(P23)

难句解读

下一场,假如新图景出现,她(电脑程序员)就会准备选取可信的运动方法。

move

名词,此处意为“(机器人竞赛中)移动地点;走法(=an act of changing the
position in a game)。

例如:

The game was over in only sixmoves.

只接触了六步,竞赛就截至了。

arise (arose, arisen)

作不及物动词,意为“起来;上涨;出现”(= if a problem or difficult
situation arises, it begins to happen;if something arises from or out
of a situation, it is caused or started by that
situation)。平时的映衬是arise from/out of由……而引起;
由……而爆发;(烟等)从……升起。

例如:

Accidents canarisefrom (=result from) carelessness.

意外事故可能因忽视而滋生。

Smokearosefrom the chimney.

烟从烟囱升起。

A new problem hasarisen.

出现了一个新题材。

困难深究

注意arise, rise, raise, arouse的区别:

arise表示“出现,爆发”,一般指不好的工作,比如,危险出现了,糟糕的结局发生了,可以用那个词。rise
是不及物动词,前边无法加宾语,没有被动语态,意为“升起;上升;增加;起身”。
raise
是及物动词,前面必然要加宾语,意思很多,有“抚养、举起”等意思。arouse平时比喻心绪方面的“激发”。

例如:

Serious complications mayarisefrom this sudden change of plans.

愈演愈烈的安排或者会招致惨重的裂痕

Prices haverisenquickly.

物价火速上升了。

More problems like those at the nuclear power plant are certain toarise.

愈来愈多的像在核电厂出现的那么的题材早晚会发出。

The lies he heard about his friendarousedhis anger.

听到有人对她对象造谣,激起了她的气愤。

18.After all, with the help of my electronic brain which never forgets
anything, using my intelligence is what Im all about.(P23)

难句解读

好歹,在本人过目不忘的电子脑的扶植下,运用智能就是自我的上上下下。

after all

意为“毕竟;终究;要了然;百川归海”(=in spite of what has been said,
done or expected),可停放句首或句末。with the help of…/with one’s
help意为“在……的相助下”。

例如:

Don’t be angry with him.After allhe is only a child.

别生他的气,他究竟只是个儿女。

He is certain to come.After all, he has already accepted our invitation.

他肯定会来,要领悟她一度接受了我们的邀约。

I had thought I was going to fail the exam, but I passed itafter all.

固然本人原以为考试会不及格,但到底我依旧及格了。

I’ve improved my English greatlywith Tom’s help.

在汤姆的声援下,我的越南语水平大有拉长。

With the help ofcomputer, you may not find it hard to deal with and
share information.

在计算机的扶持下,你会发现处理和享用信息是稳操胜算的。

问题深究

注意above all,first of all,in all,at all,after all的辨异:

above all意为“特别是;首要的是”(相当于most important of
all),强调紧要。

first of all意为“首先”,强调次序。in all意为“总共;统计”。

at all用于否定句是意味“根本;全然”;用于疑问句时表示“究竟”。

after all意为“毕竟”。

例如:

He is strong, brave and,above all, honest.

他健硕、勇敢、更重视的是她老实。

First of all, we must find a room to live in.

第一,大家不可能不找间房屋住。

There are thirtyin allin the party who will travel to Lanzhou.

赴南通的旅游团总共有30人。

She doesn’t careat all.

她一向无视。

Don’t talk too much about him.After all, he is a child.

关于她的作业并非说了,他究竟如故个儿女。

注意electronic/electric/electrical的辨异:

electronic“电子的”;electric“电的,电动的”,表示由电操控或由电暴发的;electrical“电的”,表示与电关于的,如:电气科学的。

19.This means that it should clean the house, mop the floors, cook the
dinner and deal with the telephone calls.(P24)

难句解读

那就意味着类人机器人得做卫生,拖地板,煮饭,接听电话。

deal with

意为“处理;处置;对付;应付;涉及;论述;与某人有应酬商业等涉嫌”。

例如:

How are you going todeal withthe water pollution of this area?

你们打算什么处理本地点的邋遢难题?

He won’t be able todeal withall kinds of complicated situations.

她应付不了种种繁复的处境。

Advances in medical science also allow us todeal withnew diseases, such
as SARS.

医术的腾飞也使大家可以治疗新的病症,比如非典型性肺结核。

The next chapterdeals withverbs.

下一章演讲动词。

This bookdeals withan important issue.

那本书论及一个关键的标题。

We don’tdeal withterrorists.

俺们不与恐怖分子打交道。

难题深究

do with的意义和用法:

①“处理;处置;对付”。在难点句中,常与what搭配使用。

②与can和could连用,相当于need或want,意思是“需要,想要(某物)”。

例如:

You look as if youcould do witha good night’s
sleep.你看来要求好好睡一晚。

③意为“不可以经得住”(can’t do with sb./sth.=can’t tolerate sb./sth.)。

例如:

Ican’t do withloud music.=I can’t tolerate loud
music.我受不住喧闹的音乐。

④表示“与…有关”,用于have sth./anything/nothing to do with结构。

例如:

Her jobhas something to do withtelephone.她的劳作与电话有关。

deal with与do with用法辨析:

双面都有“处理;处置;对付”之意。差别在于:deal
with中deal是没有物动词,本身不须求宾语,故常与how连用;do
with中do为及物动词,须带宾语,故常和what连用。

例如:

You have to consider how todeal with/what to do with the material.

您得考虑用那材料做哪些用。

What shall wedo withthe problem?/How shall we deal with the problem?

咱俩将怎么样处理那么些题材?

20.It should also watch over my naughty niece, who comes to my house
very often.(P24)

难句解读

它也应该照顾好自己那调皮的外孙女,她常到我家闹腾。

watch over (sb./sth.)

是一个稳定短语,意思是“看管;照料;监护;爱戴”(take care of)。

例如:

There must have been an angelwatching overme that day.

那天,一定是有位天使在维护我。

The prince has two bodyguardswatching overhim every hour of the day.

皇子一天二十四钟头都有两位保镖尊崇着。

难点深究

watch构成的短语拓展:

watch out=be careful/look out/take care当心,留意; watch out for=look
out for防备,提防,密切注意;  keep watch值班,看守,放哨; keep a close
watch on sb./sth.密切注意,密切监视,严密看守。

例如:

Watch out! There’s a car coming!

不容忽视!汽车来了!

The customers are often reminded towatch out forthieves.

买主日常被擢升要防微杜渐小偷。

The guardskeep a close watch onthe prisoners.

哨兵严密防守着囚犯。

参考书目:

张鑫友. 高中《保加波德戈里察语》教材讲与练: 人教课标版. 一年级[M].
四川科技(science and technology)出版社.

正文编辑:Joyce

编制助理:Jane

下期预报

人教版|必修2Unit4解析(一)

魏尔德life protection知识点扫描

-END-

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注